Paxos is a regulated infrastructure platform, building a new, open financial system. Paxos is a blockchain ecosystem hosting a variety of fully regulated cryptocurrency products for individual traders, and institutional and enterprise customers seeking safer, less-volatile exposure to markets.[4][8]


As one of the only fully regulated ecosystems, Paxos is an umbrella platform hosting both the Pax Dollar and the Pax Gold token. Paxos offers full transparency and security surrounding the assets that back its USDP , and Paxos aims to provide a global payments system that serves to minimize the risks associated with market exposure using its know-how in both payments infrastructure and government regulations to help a growing list of companies add digital assets to their repertoires.

Paxos is a top-funded company with more than $500 million in total funding from leading investors like OakHC/FT, Declaration Partners, Mithril Capital, Koch, Bank of America, Binance, Nomura, Societe Generale, and PayPal Ventures.
Paxos spent years building out its payments and regulatory infrastructure, including getting chartered as a New York trust company in 2015 and securing a digital payments license in Singapore early 2022.[9]



In 2012, Paxos launched the first regulated crypto exchange, itBit.

In 2015, Paxos became the first company to secure a New York State Department of Financial Services Trust Charter for Digital Assets.


In 2018, Paxos issued the world’s first regulated stablecoin, PAX (now rebranded as USDP).

In 2019, Paxos issued the world’s first regulated gold-backed token, PAX Gold. Paxos became the first & only company to receive SEC permission to pilot using technology to settle stock trades.

In 2021, Paxos became the first crypto-native company to receive preliminary approval for a de novo national Trust Bank charter.

2022 -

In October 2022, in partnership with Paxos, Mastercard’s financial institution partners gained access to a comprehensive suite of buy, hold, and sell services for selecting crypto assets, augmented with proven identity, cyber, security, and advisory services. This Crypto Source offering was complemented by Mastercard Crypto SecureTM to bring additional security to the crypto ecosystem and support card issuers in their compliance with complex regulations. [13]

In February 2023, Paxos announced it is launching an engineering research & development center of security and cryptography excellence in Israel. Paxos plans to expand its Israel engineering center with senior, staff, and principal engineers with specialized skills in enterprise-grade security, applied cryptography, and technology given the strong tech talent pool in Israel. Paxos intends for this center of excellence to become an incubation hub for cryptography researchers and security experts to build, maintain, and rigorously assess secure solutions on top of , including multiparty computation. [12]


Crypto Brokerage

Paxos Crypto Brokerage is a new solution that enables companies to offer buying, selling, holding, and sending capabilities within their applications. It is a turnkey, API-based solution that eliminates technical and regulatory complexity. Customers can tailor the solution to their unique product needs and brand experience, while Paxos manages regulatory oversight and supplies a liquid marketplace for users.

Stablecoin and Payment


USDP gives customers the ability to store and send US Dollars with freedom, unrestricted by the limits of traditional banking.

  • Convert USDP to equivalent US Dollars at any time. Paxos' USDP is backed one-to-one by the dollar.
  • USDP is subject to strict regulatory oversight by the New York State Department of Financial Services, meeting the highest standards of consumer protection.
  • USDP reserves are held in cash and cash equivalents to keep customer funds safe and available for redemption.

In January 2023, Paxos proposed paying a steady fee to decentralized finance giant for holding up to $1.5 billion Pax USD (USDP) stablecoin among its reserves. According to a proposal posted in Maker’s governance forum, Paxos solicited to increase the maximum amount, also known as a debt ceiling, of USDP to $1.5 billion from the current $450 million in Peg Stability Module reserve system that backs the value of Maker’s .

In exchange, Paxos would pay a daily “marketing fee” anchored to 45% of the Effective Federal Funds Rate (EFFR), which stood at an annual 4.3% at the time of publication. Paxos would only pay the fee if the debt ceiling is at $1.5 billion or higher on any given day. The maximum threshold would increase to $2 billion of USDP in 2024, per the proposal. Paxos estimated that the facility would generate some $29 million of extra income annually for if used at full capacity. The community will first discuss the proposal and then put it to a vote.

The proposal is part of ’s twin effort to reduce its heavy reliance on Circle’s USDC while boosting the protocol’s income by investing in government bonds and different investment strategies to generate steady yield on a $7 billion pile of digital assets in its reserve.[3]


is a branded issued by Paxos Trust Company. BUSD can be used to trade crypto on Binance. BUSD gets 1:1 for U.S. dollars or USDP with Paxos. BUSD hedges against the volatility of crypto-assets by holding in BUSD, as stable as the dollar. BUSD can be used wherever tokens are accepted for commerce, loans, payments, etc.


Pax Gold (PAXG) is a cost-effective way to own investment-grade physical gold with all the benefits of the . Each PAXG token is backed by one fine troy ounce of gold, stored in LBMA vaults in London. If users own PAXG, they own the underlying physical gold, held in custody by Paxos Trust Company.

PAXG can be owned at a lower cost structure than that of other gold tokens, gold ETFs, and LBMA 400 t oz bars, with a low minimum purchase amount and zero storage fees. The allocated gold that backs PAXG is custodied in LBMA vaults and audited monthly. Purchasing PAXG is free from settlement and credit risk, with near-instantaneous settlement in addition to T+2 (versus only T+2 for Gold ETFs and LBMA bars). PAXG is the only gold token users can redeem for LBMA-accredited Good Delivery gold bullion bars. Institutional customers can also redeem for unallocated Loco London Gold. Redeem for USD at current gold market prices at any time. [5][6]

itBit Exchange

itBit is the world's first regulated digital asset platform, built for institutional investors as the most reliable, secure, and efficient way to hold and trade crypto assets. itBit offers fiat to crypto trading, escrow, custody, and OTC solutions for , , , , Lumens, and more. The itBit exchange and OTC desk offer competitive trading fees and deep liquidity, while the company’s escrow and custody solutions utilize best-of-breed security and storage protocols. As a trust, itBit is a fiduciary and qualified custodian of client assets, operating with the highest degree of regulation and therefore the highest level of consumer protection. USD deposits are held in FDIC-insured, US-based banks, and both crypto and fiat are backed by mandatory capital reserves. itBit operates globally with offices in New York, London, and Singapore, offering 24/7 customer support. [7]

Settlement Services

Paxos Settlement Service is a post-trade settlement platform for U.S. securities that enables existing market participants to settle trades between themselves. Paxos Settlement Service is connected to participants on a private, permissioned network and is owned and operated by Paxos Trust Company. It has the ability to interoperate with existing financial market infrastructure, including the DTC and the U.S. banking system, making it a compelling alternative to legacy settlement systems.

Security Settlement

This service is a settlement platform utilizing a unique hybrid settlement model, improved margin, real-time multilateral netting, and innovative scalable technology. This settlement service is to increases efficiency, saves capital, and shapes the market infrastructure. [2]

  • Security settlement service shapes the market infrastructure of the future with a real-time clearing platform built with a core. Leverage real-time multilateral netting and settle when it suits you (from T+2 to T+0).
  • Security settlement service enjoys the same netting efficiencies as a central counterparty model with the capital benefits of a bilateral model. The Paxos settlement model brings simultaneous delivery versus payment and is interoperable with the DTC as a depository.
  • Security settlement service saves capital with efficient margins delivered from our hybrid settlement model.

Commodities Settlement

This service delivers fully automated management of user's entire post-trade lifecycle including multilateral payment netting and simultaneous settlement for the OTC commodities market, increasing efficiency and reducing counterparty risk.[1]

  • Entire Post-trade Lifecycle Automation
    Commodities settlement service consolidates transfers to one instruction per asset/currency across all counterparties. Paxos Settlement Service allows users to unite cash and metals settlement, eliminate manual errors and reconciliation, and still maintain transparency and control within one user interface.
  • Efficient Multilateral Payment Netting ​
    Commodities settlement service scales user's business with the first OTC precious metals settlement solution offering multilateral payment netting for both cash and precious metals. This allows the user to increase operational efficiency, reduce the amount of funds leaving your accounts and unlock working capital.
  • Safe, Simultaneous Settlement​
    Commodities settlement service limits risk with pre-settlement assets protected in trust and simultaneous settlement occurs when both parties have funded their settlement obligation. This allows the user to reduce counterparty settlement risk, manage time zone challenges and settle with confidence.



Paxos Trust Company, LLC, is the only entity able to alter the supply of Pax Dollars in circulation. There is no limit on the number of tokens the company can generate, which means that new tokens are issued only when dollars are deposited into Paxos accounts.
When USDP is redeemed for cash from one of the segregated accounts, the tokens are destroyed immediately to ensure price stability and that the number of tokens in circulation matches the number of U.S. dollars held in reserve. This is how its 1:1 price ratio is maintained.
Withum audits Paxos monthly and publishes reports citing its U.S. dollar reserves and the number of tokens in circulation.[4]


BUSD, has a unique tokenomics system that allows it to keep the price equal to one US dollar and its partnership with Paxos is key to this. The infrastructure platform holds the same number of US dollars as the total supply of BUSD. As of 10, January 2022, the total supply of BUSD was 14.38bn, meaning Paxos holds $14.38bn.
To maintain this ratio, the uses a deflationary mechanism. For example, when 50 BUSD is bought, a $50 payment is added to the Paxos treasury. When someone decides to sell 50 BUSD, $50 is taken from the treasury, and the equivalent BUSD is burned.
It is because of this system that BUSD coin does not have a regular minting schedule. It also means Binance USD’s market capitalization can clearly indicate demand for the token. Meanwhile, its price changes slightly to keep in line with the US dollar. [10]


PAX Gold (PAXG) runs on the  . Its PAXG token follows the standard ERC20 protocol, and all transactions function according to the  rules set by the network.
Every PAXG token represents one fine troy ounce of a gold bar stored in Brink's vaults. For smaller amounts of gold, physical retailers can help investors redeem their tokens. PAXG uses the same consensus protocol and features as , including access to .
Paxos checks and surveys each PAXG transaction via third–party analytical tools to investigate potential cases of fraud and money laundering. It also conducts regular smart contract audits, by which developers analyze code to identify bugs and vulnerabilities.
Paxos charges a small fee (around 0.02% of the amount of PAXG sent on the ) for the creation and destruction of PAXG tokens. Users also pay on-chain fees for moving their tokens on .[11]

Paxos International Launches USDL

On June 5, 2024, Paxos International, a UAE-based entity of Paxos launched a yield-bearing called Lift dollar (USDL), with Argentina as its first market. [14][15]

"USDL is issued permissionlessly on Ethereum and pays yield programmatically on a daily basis to token holders, subject to the reserve assets fully backing the total value of USDL in circulation," Paxos International said.[14]

USDL is one-to-one backed with the U.S. dollar, holds "only the highest-quality liquid assets" such as U.S. dollar deposits, short-duration U.S. treasuries, and cash equivalents, and is regulated by the Financial Services Regulatory Authority (FSRA) of Abu Dhabi Global Market (ADGM), Paxos International said. [14]

, Member of the Board of Directors of Paxos International, said:

“Paxos is committed to revolutionizing the global financial markets through reliable, trusted and regulated blockchain offerings. The digital asset ecosystem has evolved to create mechanisms for token holders to earn yield on stablecoins, but these options are high-risk, opaque and have led to the failure of numerous firms. USDL is a first-of-its-kind—a regulated product, earning and paying safe yield on a daily basis. Until now, only centralized issuers have benefitted from the economics of stablecoin reserves. Paxos International has reimagined this dynamic so that all token holders can safely use and grow their regulated USD stablecoin holdings. Our vision is a more democratic, inclusive and accessible financial market. USDL is a pivotal step towards achieving that goal.” [15]

Paxos International is a "ring-fenced entity" that does not do anything else besides issuing the stablecoin, Cascarilla said, noting that "if anything happened to Paxos, the assets are not part of some bankruptcy process. They are immediately returned to investors." [14]

Paxos International first launched the USDL stablecoin in Argentina via crypto platforms Ripio, Buenbit, and TiendaCrypto as its distribution partners. [14][15]

“Lift Dollar is the first stablecoin designed to benefit both end users and distributors in a safe manner. Through Paxos International, eligible users around the world can access USDL directly through secure channels managed by trusted partners and watch their holdings grow daily in their wallets. Paxos International leverages a technical mechanism called rebasing to seamlessly distribute yield to users’ wallets. We are excited for the opportunities this will create for businesses and individuals. We look forward to growing our partner network globally this year.” - Ronak Daya, Head of Product at Paxos, added.[15]

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