Stader ETHx

Stader ETHx by is a solution for , allowing users to and receive stETHx, a liquid staking token. This product allows users to earn staking rewards while retaining liquidity, facilitating participation in (DeFi) activities without locking up assets. [1][2][3][4]


Launched on July 10, 2023, intent with liquid staking token, ETHx, is to create an LSD with a unique value proposition to users and node operators while adding to the diversity of LSDs on ETH. [5]

ETHx ensures continuous staking rewards, enabling the growth of Ethereum holdings while integrating with  to allow users to explore additional  and lending opportunities. Additionally, ETHx contributes to 's decentralization efforts, promoting scalability and resilience within the network. [3][4]

On July 4, 2024, Stader Labs partnered with SSV Network to keep Ethereum decentralized. Therefore, $ETHx permissioned node operators are now powered by SSV. [8]

ETHx Design

ETHx introduces a multi-pool architecture designed for decentralization, scalability, and resilience. This architecture encompasses permissionless and permissioned pools, allowing anyone to operate and curated validators with consistent performance. As Distributed Validator Technology (DVT) becomes more stable, ETHx will adopt dedicated DVT-based stake pools in the future, ensuring adaptability to the evolving ETH staking ecosystem. [2]

ETHx Governance

ETHx governance is maintained by three entities: the Community multisig, the Manager multisig, and the Operator. These entities collaborate to ensure transparency, accountability, and a balanced approach to decision-making and operations within the ETHx ecosystem. As part of Stader's future vision, on-chain governance will gradually be introduced, empowering Stader's , SD, and ETHx holders to propose and implement protocol changes, thus fostering decentralized decision-making and inclusivity. [6]

ETHx Staking

ETHx allows users to benefit from Ethereum staking while maintaining asset liquidity. Here's how it works: [7]

Deposit and Token Issuance

When a user deposits Ethereum into the ETHx staking contracts, the protocol issues an equivalent number of ETHx tokens back to the user. These tokens act as a liquid representation of the user's staked Ethereum, allowing them to maintain control over their assets without sacrificing potential staking rewards.

Multi-Pool Architecture

Once deposited, the user's Ethereum is managed by the Stader staking manager, which leverages a multi-pool architecture. The staked Ethereum is split between Permissionless and Permissioned node operator pools. This setup ensures scalability, decentralization, and optimization of return potential for the staked assets. [7]

Node Network & Reward Generation

The Ethereum from the pools is then allocated to the ETHx Node Network, a decentralized group of Ethereum nodes that interact with the protocol's staking contracts. These nodes perform critical validation tasks for the Ethereum Beacon Chain. The tasks performed by these nodes generate staking rewards. [7]

Accrued Rewards and Value Growth

As the nodes generate rewards, these are accumulated and lead to an increase in the exchange rate of ETHx relative to . This growth mechanism ensures that ETHx tokens increase in value over time, reflecting the staking rewards earned from the Ethereum staked. [7]


Stader ETHx employs multiple security measures, including rigorous audits by blockchain security firms and a substantial bug bounty program to identify vulnerabilities. The platform uses hardware wallets and secure software solutions to protect user assets, alongside specific features like MEVBoost and slashing protection to safeguard staked assets. Additionally, Stader ETHx's code is open source, allowing for community review and contributions to enhance security further. [3]

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Stader ETHx

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Edited On

July 9, 2024


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