Olympus DAO is a decentralized reserve currency protocol powered by the OHM token. Olympus DAO includes its own protocol-managed treasury, bond mechanism, and staking rewards that are designed to control supply expansion. Olympus DAO also offers Olympus Pro, a Bonds-as-a-Service protocol that helps projects develop their own protocol-owned liquidity.
The main benefit for stakers comes from supply growth. The protocol mints new OHM tokens from the treasury, the majority of which are distributed to the stakers. Thus, the gain for stakers will come from their auto-compounding balances, though price exposure remains an important consideration. That is, if the increase in token balance outpaces the potential drop in price (due to inflation), stakers would make a profit. The main benefit for bonders comes from price consistency. Bonders commit capital upfront and are promised a fixed return at a set point in time; that return is in OHM and thus the bonder's profit would depend on OHM price when the bond matures. Bonders benefit from a rising or static OHM price.
Stakers stake their OHM tokens on the Olympus website to earn rebase rewards. The rebase rewards come from the proceed from bond sales, and can vary based on the number of OHM staked in the protocol and the reward rate set by monetary policy. When a user stakes, they lock OHM and receive an equal amount of sOHM. The user's sOHM balance rebases up automatically at the end of every epoch. sOHM is transferable and therefore composable with other DeFi protocols. When a user unstakes, they burn sOHM and receive an equal amount of OHM. Unstaking means the user will forfeit the upcoming rebase reward.
The bonding feature allows Olympus to acquire its own liquidity and other reserve assets such as LUSD (Liquity USD) by selling OHM at a discount in exchange for these assets. The protocol quotes the bonder with terms such as the bond price, the amount of OHM tokens entitled to the bonder, and the vesting term. The bonder can claim some of the rewards (OHM tokens) as they vest, and at the end of the vesting term, the full amount will be claimable. Bonding is an active, short-term strategy. The price discovery mechanism of the secondary bond market renders bond discounts more or less unpredictable. Therefore, bonding is considered a more active investment strategy that has to be monitored constantly in order to be more profitable as compared to staking. Bonding allows Olympus to accumulate its own liquidity, POL. More POL ensures there is always locked exit liquidity in Olympus trading pools to facilitate market operations and protect token holders.
OHM is a decentralized reserve currency backed by other decentralized assets. Each OHM is backed by 1 DAI, not pegged to it. Because the treasury backs every OHM with at least 1 DAI, the protocol would buy back and burn OHM when it trades below 1 DAI. This has the effect of pushing OHM price back up to 1 DAI. OHM could always trade above 1 DAI because there is no upper limit imposed by the protocol. 
Users receive sOHM when they stake OHM at a 1:1 ratio.
wsOHM is wrapped staked OHM. The non-rebasing wrapper is used to package up staked OHM in a non-rebasing container that can be transferred between chains. Currently, this token is supported on Ethereum, Arbitrum, and Avalanche (AVAX) networks.
When OlympusDAO first launched, alphaOHM (aOHM) was used as a pre-allocation token which allowed the early participants to lay claim to OHM. Moving forward aOHM served as the in-game currency of a community-led social game that runs on the blockchain. Other than that, aOHM is not relevant to OHM or the operation of OlympusDAO.
pOHM, previously known as pOLY, is the presale token of Olympus. It was used to raise funds from private investors to bootstrap Olympus.
In October 2021, Olympus DAO announced Olympus V2 introducing several new features.
Stakers take full control of protocol contracts through the implementation of Compound's Governor Bravo. Olympus began with a guardian multisig, followed by an on-chain governed Treasury, followed by on-chain governed bonds. On-chain governance now occurs through the gOHM token (previously called wsOHM). Users can now stake directly into/out of gOHM, saving time and gas.
- Bond payouts are staked at the time of purchase. Rather than requiring bonders to factor in missed rewards when considering a discount, they are now earned by default.
- Bonds no longer vest linearly. Instead, bonders must wait until the end of their term to redeem. This illiquidity is enabled by staking bond payouts and creates a form of locked staking that will save money by removing the incentive to incur wasteful gas transactions through frequent redemption.
- New bond types are created as isolated offerings. Each bond has a maximum amount of OHM that can be paid or a maximum amount of principal that can be purchased and, once exceeded, the bond is retired.
- Bonds can be held as NFTs. This enables liquid secondary bond markets.
- Bonds can be both fixed-term (one that pays the same level of interest over its entire term) or fixed-expiration (where the maturation date is the same for all who buy that bond). Fixed-expiration bonds can be wrapped into a fungible token and traded like any ERC20 token.
- Bonds offer a front-end reward. This will incentivize third parties to run front-ends for Olympus, reducing single-point-of-failure risk.
Olympus Pro is protocol-owned liquidity-as-a-service created by the Olympus DAO, providing a custom treasury and bonds optimized to individual needs. Through bonds, protocols can accumulate the crucial infrastructural liquidity that they generally service via liquidity mining. Instead of renting that liquidity (often at high-interest rates), they purchase it, turning a value-draining perpetual expense into revenue-producing assets that facilitate the functionality of the rest of the platform.
Partners are featured on Olympus Pro X, a unified marketplace for bonds from a multitude of protocols. The marketplace will become the default destination for DeFi investors looking for discounted exposure to various tokens through this unique mechanism. Additionally, Olympus will provide its partners with co-marketing services, leveraging their community and brand to highlight new projects.
An end goal of Olympus Pro services is to promote OHM as a treasury asset and liquidity pair token for other protocols. Since the launch of Olympus Pro in September 2021, OP bonds have captured more than $9.35 million of liquidity from its first two cohorts of partners. The list of projects that used the Olympus Pro services includes Frax Finance, Alchemix, PoolTogether, BarnBridge, Thorstarter, and others.
Launched in February 2022, Olympus Grants was designed to fill various gaps in the Olympus ecosystem by funding projects which support Olympus DAO’s initiatives but don’t fit into existing projects. Where a token swap, incubator investment, or yield-redirection is not quite appropriate, Olympus Grants will fill the gap.
The OGP (Olympus Grants Program) is funded with $1.5 M of DAO approved $OHM and is built to bolster the objectives of other departments such as Partnerships, Olympus Pro, Incubator, and Give in ways that require a more flexible funding mechanism. Grants will promote the core values of OHM such as building an inclusive econOHMy. This will help Olympus DAO take the cooperative economics of Web3 and greatly expand the reach and user experience of the Olympus ecosystem.
Inverse Bonding is a new tool for OlympusDAO to increase $OHM’s liquid backing and absorb market volatility.
Inverse bonds are part of an overarching strategy, defined in Olympus12, that seeks to produce value for Olympus holders through a strong Treasury. This cements OlympusDAO's position as the reserve currency and central bank of DeFi. Since its launch in March 2022, Inverse bonds allow Olympus to create a means to bring OHM out of circulation, which increases the backing per OHM on every inverse bond that is executed below liquid backing.
Flex Loans is a whitelisted product offering for protocols to grow their protocol-owned liquidity through an interest free loan against perfect collateral. By depositing gOHM as a collateral asset, the borrower is able to borrow up to 100% LTV in OHM and pair this with another token to create a liquidity pair. Since the loan is in the same denomination, there is no risk of liquidation and the loan will lower in LTV% as the gOHM collateral continues to receive the underlying rebases.
Once whitelisted by Olympus, the borrower deposits gOHM into Flex Loan contract along with the other half of the intended LP token. The contract then borrows against the deposited gOHM and pairs the resulting OHM with the provided token to create an LP pair at the designated Decentralized Exchange (DEX) of their choosing. At the moment, LP strategies for Balancer, Uniswap, Sushiswap and Curve are available.
Repayment of the loan is possible at any moment and can either be done by paying back the OHM debt directly (from the LP position itself, or externally supplied) or by using part of the supplied gOHM collateral.
Flex Loans partnered with FiatDAO and Redacted.
Instead of renting exchange services Olympus directly issues its OHM token to buyers through a process called Bonding. This way the buyer offers Olympus money today and then in a few days she/he gets discounted OHM tokens. This mechanism is similar to how governments issue bonds. Buyers buy a bond now for some return in the future. It is raising funds for itself and many called this the beginning of a new era for DeFi and named it DeFi 2.0.
Once buyers have OHM, they can either sell them, hold them or stake them. They might sell them because they bought a bond a few days ago and now they want to cash out. Buyers might want to keep them because they expect the price to appreciate. But the most logical thing is to stake them. By staking OHM buyers earn a return for doing so. The word “staking” does not mean providing a token to a validator to support the proof-of-stake process. When they say staking, they just mean putting up your OHM in their pool of funds in return for a reward. Olympus DAO is not a blockchain. Rather, Olympus DAO is a protocol, a set of smart contracts, that sits on the Ethereum platform. Hence, all the validation of transactions and security checks etc. happen on Ethereum in the background. Olympus DAO incentivizes staking because not selling props the price of OHM up.
In June 2021, Olympus DAO announced a partnership with Frax Finance. This partnership allows OlympusDAO to accumulate OHM-FRAX liquidity through the sales of bonds, and build up the Olympus treasury in the process. A few initiatives have been launched in light of this partnership, including OHM-FRAX bond and FRAX bond.
OlympusDAO collaborated with Rari Capital to create a Fuse pool that allows users to use their sOHM as collateral and borrow other assets against it. Fuse is an isolated interest rate market by Rari Capital. Each pool in Fuse can support different types of assets and use different interest rate curves. To lend out sOHM and/or use it as collateral, users can enter the. In this pool, several assets are supported:
Abracadabra.money is a lending platform that allows users to deposit interest-bearing tokens as collateral and borrow its native, USD-pegged stablecoin. On August 22, 2021, the platform started to accept wsOHM as collateral.
Vesta Finance is a lending protocol on Arbitrum based on Liquity, with the added feature of multi-collateral and a set of governable parameters. On January 31, 2022, Olympusannounced that Vesta Finance has joined Olympus Incubator, which will bring utility to Ohmies and bring further value to the backing of OHM.
Vesta will provide Olympus with 6% of their governance tokens vested linearly over two years. In Q1 2022, Ohmies will be able to collateralize gOHM at 66% Loan to Value (LTV) and mint VST, Vesta’s dollar-pegged stablecoin at 0% interest with a small mint fee of 1.25%.
Zapper is an asset management platform for the decentralized economy. Their mission is to make Web3 accessible and easy to use. To advance this goal, they provide a dashboard that can be used to track and exchange more than 3000 digital assets, earn passive income by staking their assets and invest into various DeFi investment opportunities, and they create and share educational resources on Zapper Learn to help demystify the complexities of the decentralized economy for newcomers.
Zapper was founded in early 2020 by Seb Audet and Suhail Gangji.
To get OHM (or other assets to bond) you need to leave the Olympus app and buy OHM or other assets on a DEX, then return to the Olympus app to stake or bond.
In December 2021, Olympus DAO introduced OlyZaps to swap any asset into sOHM directly through the Olympus App. Thanks to OlyZaps, new users can stake and bond directly in the Olympus app in fewer steps and without having to leave Olympus’ app. Instead of buying or exchanging tokens to OHM then staking, users can now do this all-in-one transaction using “zapping”, on the Olympus app. Zapping makes it easier for Olympus users to go from X to Y entirely within the Olympus app with:
- X is a token already held
- Y is the end result of staking (resulting in sOHM)
- Bond zapping will also be available in a future release (resulting in sOHM after 5 days and a selected bond LP-pair.)
In March 2022, Olympus DAO introduced OlyZaps V2 with a bundle upgrades after Olympus V2 Migration in December 2021. OlyZaps dispenses V2 assets. Plus, as an added benefit, users have the choice between zapping to sOHM or gOHM. Olympus DAO added this flexibility to allow users to customize zapping to their specific needs.
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