Injective Protocol

Injective Protocol is a layer-2  (Decentralized Exchange) founded by and . The platform supports advanced trading features such as margin trading and derivatives. On November 30, 2020, Injective Protocol announced the launch of their public Solstice . In April 2021, Injective raised $10 million in a funding round with participation from billionaire entrepreneur Mark Cuban, , , CMS Holdings, and QCP Capital. [1][61]


The Injective Chain is a decentralized relayer network that serves as a layer-2 derivatives platform, trade execution coordinator (TEC), and decentralized order book. The core consensus is -based. The Injective Chain provides a two-way  peg-zone for and  tokens to be transferred to the Injective Chain as well as an EVM-compatible execution environment for .[4]

The peg-zone is based on Peggy and the EVM execution is based on Ethermint. Injective's order book is a fully decentralized -based order book enabling sidechain order relay with the on-chain settlement, a decentralized implementation of the traditionally centralized off-chain order relay used by nearly all central limit order book decentralized exchanges. Market creation is entirely open and permissionless. This enables anyone to create a market using only a price feed and deploy it to the larger Injective ecosystem. Given the unique layer-2 structure, Injective is able to avoid both network congestion and the associated high gas fees. This zero gas fee structure can enable anyone to trade freely without having to worry about high gas fees or network latencies. [5]

Many DEXs are centralized in most aspects besides custody. A few components that make centralized are the restriction to access to certain user demographics and the retention of proprietary control over exchange infrastructure. These components allow traders to be subject to the will of an omnipotent authority. Injective Protocol aims to resolve this fundamental problem. The project was incubated by  in 2018 and conducted an initial exchange offering on  as well in October 2020. [2]

Solstice Testnet

On November 30, 2020, Injective Protocol announced the successful public launch of the Solstice testnet. Solstice was launched with 9 initial perpetual markets with live price feeds stemming from various sources. The initial markets included the following: Injective, , Coin, , Elrond, , and . The Solstice testnet was invite-only therefore, users could only gain access via a unique referral link. This provided users with opportunities to get early access to Solstice while also earning additional rewards before the start of the trading competition. Other projects that got listed on the Solstice testnet included  and . [3]

On December 4, 2020, the Injective team launched their first on its Solstice testnet. Users became able to trade gold perpetual markets with up to 20x leverage. [3]

Solstice V2

The Injective team launched Solstice V2 on December 8, 2020, with upgrades including a new look, improved market details on the home screen, tooltips for new traders, and full responsiveness on all devices. They also announced listings for and on the Solstice Testnet. The public launch of Solstice V2 took place on December 21, 2020. [6][7]


Solstice Pro

On December 29, 2020, Injective introduced Solstice Pro, a suite of institutional-grade products designed to enhance its (DEX) offerings. Solstice Pro incorporates features such as expiry futures, an extensive trade history view encompassing trade, position, and deposit histories, and a dedicated portfolio page enabling users to track activity across all markets on Injective including token balances, orders, positions, and complete trade history. These additions aim to provide advanced functionality and improved trading experiences for users on the Injective platform. [11][12]

Yield Farming Derivative

On December 15, 2020, the Injective team launched the world's first derivative based on a specific  Vault. The particular derivative created would track the performance of $1,000 USDT on Yearn Finance's USDT3pool. This meant that any trader could have access to the same yield as a farmer on the USDT3pool without deploying money or having to directly interface with the protocol itself. [8]

Decentralized Stock Futures Trading

On December 24, 2020, Injective launched decentralized stock futures trading, becoming the first platform to do so. This innovation provided Solstice testnet users with secure access to the $90 trillion stock market without centralized control. It was made possible through the integration of cross-chain data Oracle Band Protocol and Terra's , offering trading of stocks like Tesla, Airbnb, Google, and Amazon in the synthetic space. [9][10]

Equinox Staking

In February 2021, the Injective team introduced Equinox , which serves as the final phase of the testnet. Equinox Staking enabled users to gain early access to Injective's staking features while also allowing them to earn rewards for helping to test the capabilities of the protocol itself.[13]

Equinox Staking, leading up to Injective's launch in Q2 2021, offered opportunities for both and delegators. Validators played a crucial role by globally running for Injective. The platform employed a (PoS) mechanism, which used a pseudo-random election process to choose the next block validator based on various factors, including staked tokens. Once the Injective mainnet launched, it would become a community-run network, allowing anyone to become a validator. [13][14][15]

Equinox genesis validators included Chorus, Certus One, InfStones, Just Mining, Helios Staking, UBIK Capital, Audit.One, Hashquark, Forbole, Cosmostation, B-Harvest, StakeWith.Us, and Citadel.One. The public release of Equinox Staking was announced on March 29, 2021.[13][15]

Injective Learn

In January 2021, the Injective team announced the launch of Injective Learn hosted on the Injective blog[62]. Injective Learn is a education platform that publishes in-depth tutorials for all experience levels. The aim of the platform is to provide a comprehensive educational platform that equips learners to partake in everything that Injective has to offer. [16]

Injective Architecture

Injective Protocol is comprised of five principal components: Injective Chain, Injective Exchange Client, Injective API Provider, Injective EVM RPC provider, and Injective Bridge Contracts on . [17]

Injective Chain

Layer-2 EVM Execution Environment

The Injective Chain supports generalized execution through a modular implementation of the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) on top of the Cosmos-SDK, based on Ethermint. By implementing the EVM on top of Tendermint, users enjoy a scalable and interoperable implementation of Ethereum built on proof-of-stake with 1-block finality. [18]

Developers can work with an identical experience for creating  on the Injective EVM, with additional benefits including native support for transaction fee delegation and an increased contract bytecode size limit of 100KB.[18] [19]

The following contracts are deployed on the Injective EVM:

Injective DEX Contracts

The Injective DEX Protocol is a decentralized exchange protocol supporting spot and derivatives trading. The DEX protocol is implemented through  written in Solidity and is deployed on the Injective Layer-2 EVM execution environment. The 0x V3 Exchange Protocol is used for spot markets and the bespoke Injective Derivatives Protocol is used for derivatives markets. [20]

Injective Derivatives Contracts

The Injective Derivatives Protocol enables traders to create, enter into, and execute decentralized perpetual swap contracts and CFDs on any arbitrary market. [20]

0x V3 Exchange Contracts

Injective leverages the 0x V3 Exchange Contracts for peer-to-peer spot exchange. [20]

Injective Coordinator Contract

The Injective Coordinator Contract follows the 0x Coordinator specification for both spot 0x transactions. The principal purpose of the coordinator is to serve as a liquidity solution enabling more competitive pricing by preventing front-running and allowing for much lower latency trading. [20]

However, unlike traditional implementations which only require one signature from a centralized coordinator, Injective's decentralized coordinator enforces transactions to have a minimum threshold of coordinator signatures in order for a transaction to be approved. These required signatures are provided through the application logic built into the consensus of the Injective Chain. Each coordinator is bonded through INJ stake and can be slashed for improperly approving transactions. [20][21]

Staking Contract

The Injective Staking Contract maintains a compressed representation of the Injective Chain's validators set and is used to govern the Injective Derivatives Protocol and to process cross-chain  token deposits and withdrawals. [20]

Injective EVM Bridge Contracts

The Injective Bridge Contracts encompass a suite of smart contracts managing the two-way peg between Ethereum and the Injective Chain.[20][21]

Decentralized Orderbook

Injective's Decentralized Orderbook is a fully decentralized 0x-based order book enabling sidechain order relay with the on-chain settlement, a decentralized implementation of the traditionally centralized off-chain order relay used by nearly all central limit order book decentralized exchanges. Nodes of the Injective Chain host a decentralized, censorship-resistant order book that stores and relays orders for both spot and derivatives trading. [20]

Trade Execution Coordinator

The Injective Trade Execution Coordinator (TEC) is a decentralized coordinator implementation based on the 0x Coordinator specification. The Injective TEC safeguards trades from front-running using Verifiable Delay Functions and enables lower-latency trading through soft cancellations. [20][21]

Injective Exchange Client

Injective provides a decentralized exchange open-source front-end implementation allowing users to participate in decentralized exchange protocol in a fully permissionless manner. [22]

The Injective Client is a comprehensive graphical user interface catered towards targeted users. Relayers can host the client on a server to allow users to interact with the protocol. Individuals can also run the client from there locally to directly interact with the protocol. The exchange client interface will also be deployed on .[23]

Injective API Provider

Injective's model incentivizes in its network, rewarding them for their contribution. This incentivization encourages exchange providers to compete and improve user experiences, ultimately expanding access to (DeFi). [24]

Injective API nodes have two purposes:

Providing transaction relay services: Users can directly interact with the Injective Chain by broadcasting a compatible Tendermint transaction encoding a compatible message type, but doing so would be inconvenient for most users. To this end, API nodes provide users with a simple HTTP, gRPC, and WebSocket API to interact with the protocol. The API nodes then formulate the appropriate transactions and relay them to the Injective Chain. [24]

Serving as a data layer for the protocol: Injective provides a data and analytics API that is out-of-the-box compatible with Injective's frontend interface. The Injective API supports the Injective Derivatives and Spot Exchange APIs for the Injective Client, the 0x Standard Coordinator API, the Injective Derivatives Protocol Graph Node GraphQL API, and other API services required by the Injective Exchange Client. Nodes also provide the full Ethereum JSON-RPC API which connects to the Injective EVM.[24]

Injective/Ethereum Bridge

Users can transfer  tokens from through the bi-directional Injective Token Bridge, which serves as a two-way Ethereum peg zone for ERC-20 tokens to be transferred to the Injective Chain EVM. The peg zone is based on Peggy and is secured by the  security of the Injective Chain. ERC-20 tokens can be transferred to and from Ethereum to the Injective Chain through the Injective Bridge. The process was inspired by the standard flow as defined by Peggy. [25][4]

INJ Tokenomics

The Injective Protocol token governs the exchange. Injective inflates the supply of INJ to incentivize nodes to stake INJ and participate in the Injective network. The target INJ inflation will tentatively be 7% at genesis and decrease over time to 2%. Over time, the total supply of INJ may be lower than the initial supply due to the Injective’s deflationary mechanism. [26] [27]


Injective exercises voting rights for platform changes and updates. The first step in the Interject Chain core governance process is to submit a proposal along with a deposit to the . Once the deposit reaches a certain threshold, the proposal becomes open for voting. In the case of software upgrades, validators signal their readiness to switch, and when more than 75% of validators are ready, their software automatically updates. Community governance is crucial to prevent stagnation or centralization, ensuring the project's ongoing success. [27]

Collateral Backing

Instead of using  for margin and backing like most common DEXs, the INJ token is used as an alternative for the Injective derivatives market. Injective Protocol takes a different approach with its token utility, having INJ locked up in derivatives contracts to ensure margin is met, in addition to being used for collateral backing or insurance pool staking, where stakers earn interest on their locked tokens. [26][28]

Exchange Fee Value Accrual

This element of the protocol helps to stabilize and maintain a steady price appreciation of the INJ token. The exchange fee value accrual burns any excess tokens that have been accrued after the relayers have been paid. Burning excess fee tokens reduces the amount of circulating supply of INJ, thus increasing demand. [29]


Injective Protocol uses a variety of ways to incentivize people to stake their INJ coins through rewards, collateral backing, or governance rights. Staking INJ tokens not only increases the strength and security of the network but also reduces the circulating supply. [30]

Incentivizing Participation

The INJ token incentivizes users to contribute to the Injective Protocol, with liquidity incentives, and features for the specific market maker and relayer incentives. For market makers, users can receive a net positive fee rebate with periodic distributions based on snapshots of their trading activity, to incentivize liquidity. [28]

For the other side of the network, nodes and validators can act as relayers. Relayers are incentivized to originate orders into the shared order book. Nodes that first discover a make order will receive a calculated ratio of the exchange fee as a reward. [28]


The Injective Protocol founders are  (CEO) and (CTO). The team consists of Max Kupriianov as Principal Engineer, Mark Markus as Core Engineer, Bojan Angjelkoski as Core Engineer, Alex Athanasopulos as Core Engineer, Xinran Xu as BD, and Boris Shevchenko as Technical Product Manager. [63]


Binance Smart Chain

On December 13, 2020, Injective announced a partnership with (BSC) to facilitate the wider adoption of derivatives within the BSC ecosystem. As part of this collaboration, (BNB), the primary asset of , became available on Injective's Solstice V2 Testnet. The Injective team expressed their intention to introduce new derivative products on BSC in the future. They also outlined plans to establish a bridge between Injective and BSC, enabling seamless cross-chain trading and token transfers between the two networks. [31]


On December 18, 2020, Injective formed a partnership with (Matic Network) with the objective of expanding global layer-2 derivatives trading. As part of this collaboration, Injective listed Matic assets on the Injective Decentralized Exchange (DEX) to broaden the range of derivatives markets available. The listing provided Matic traders with an additional platform to engage with Matic tokens. A significant aspect of this integration involved leveraging Matic's layer-2 bridge on which allows assets built on the Matic Network to be transferred to Injective, benefiting from their fully EVM-compatible infrastructure. The collaboration was also useful for the Injective team to explore new derivative products that utilize assets built on top of Matic. [32]


On January 5, 2021, Injective announced a strategic partnership with to integrate the Fantom Ethereum bridge into the Injective Decentralized Exchange (DEX). This integration aimed to bring Fantom-based assets, such as synthetics, to Injective users, leveraging Injective Chain's full EVM compatibility. The partnership enhances Injective's offerings in synthetic assets and DeFi applications.[33]


On January 21, 2021, the Injective team partnered with PlasmaPay to enable on-ramps for INJ. The partnership focused on adding the INJ token to the PlasmaPay platform while also enabling easy access to Injective’s derivatives exchange through the PlasmaPay dashboard. [34]


On January 26, 2021, Injective teamed up with to introduce decentralized oil and gas futures. This partnership enabled AllianceBlock to innovate and develop new derivative products previously unavailable in the ecosystem. These innovations included the creation of new crypto indices, and enhancing options for crypto investors. Additionally, AllianceBlock benefited by tapping into Injective's fully decentralized derivatives exchange, increasing liquidity. Injective plans to further expand its derivatives trading ecosystem by incorporating AllianceBlock's impermanent loss hedging product in the future. [35]


On January 28, 2021, the Injective team partnered with  in order to bring its novel multi-collateral stablecoin (Acala Dollar) to Injective's Polkadot-based derivative products. This also expanded opportunities for Injective to create new derivative products alongside Acala, further increasing the use cases for aUSD. [42]


On January 29, 2021, the Injective team partnered with  to unlock new opportunities for users who became able to utilize Injective's derivative products on the UniLend ecosystem for borrowing and lending. In addition, INJ was added to the UniLend platform. [43]


On February 1, 2021, Injective partnered with  to expand their cross-chain derivatives trading universe. This collaboration was primarily focused on bridging over assets deployed on Conflux onto the Injective exchange in order to aid in the creation and trading of new derivative products. [44]

Ocean Protocol

On February 4, 2021, the Injective team partnered with  to create innovative data derivative products. As a part of the collaboration, users of Injective became able to trade data assets with leverage. In addition, users gained the ability to create entirely new derivative markets that utilize these data tokens. The integration of the price feeds from Ocean was made possible by  which is built on top of Ethereum. Given Injective Chain's EVM-compatible execution environment for  applications, Injective could acquire dynamic pricing data in order to create both perpetual and expiry futures contracts. [45]


On February 5, 2021, Injective announced a technical partnership with Covalent, a unified API that seeks to bring full transparency and visibility to assets across all blockchain networks. By partnering with Covalent, Injective gained further access to real-time and granular blockchain data through the enterprise-grade Covalent API. Such data does not only provide valuable insight into the domain of  (Decentralized Finance), but traders became able to export their trading data with full historical context which allows benchmarking of investor performance and record-keeping as evidence for tax purposes. [46]

Huobi Eco Chain

On February 7, 2021, Injective integrated with  Eco Chain to accelerate cross-chain derivatives adoption. This collaboration enabled traders to seamlessly bridge over Heco assets onto Injective, enabling the creation of new derivative products. In addition, Injective became the first project to introduce decentralized derivatives trading to the Heco ecosystem. [47]


On February 11, 2021, Injective partnered with Marlin in order to enable unparalleled trading speeds on Injective derivatives DEX. This collaboration also allowed Injective to begin the integration process for Marlin's native POND token to be added to Injective. Users gained access to new derivative products that interact with the POND token as an underlying, thereby helping to increase the overall utility of POND itself. [48]


On February 18, 2021, Injective integrated with  to create a diverse array of interoperable derivative products. Injective integrated with the newly released Avalanche-Ethereum Bridge (AEB) to create a two-way transfer zone between the Injective Chain and Avalanche. With this integration, Injective launched derivatives that utilize the native Avalanche token () as well as other native Avalanche assets. Injective also explored the addition of entirely new derivative products, such as products related to Initial Litigation Offerings (ILOs). [49]


On March 16, 2021, Injective partnered with Parsiq to enable fully automated decentralized trading. Users can set custom rules such as executing a buy order when the underlying Bitcoin (BTC) is trading at a premium compared to the future. Users can also use a combination of tools to create truly unique solutions across different platforms. Injective also plans to create new derivatives using the native PARSIQ token for use in sophisticated structured products such as indices. They also planned to explore connecting a number of new off-chain apps and devices to allow the creation of more complicated IFTTT functions as well. [50]


On March 17, 2021, the Injective team launched an exclusive Injective  (NFTs) through the partnership with SuperFarm. Users became able to farm Injective NFTs which provided them with unique benefits such as increased odds of receiving surprise token drops when staking on Equinox. The team also explored the creation and trading of NFTs on the Injective Chain which can allow for the creation of NFTs with unparalleled transaction times and zero gas fees given their unique layer-2 structure. Internally Injective had been carrying out major NFT collaborations such as the widely reported Banksy burning which occurred earlier in March 2021. [51]


On March 20, 2021, Injective joined forces with  to enable mainstream developer adoption of the Injective Chain. Both companies studied together how to integrate Cartesi’s tools into the Injective ecosystem. The aim was to allow developers to utilize familiar programming tools from the world's leading OS, unlocking big smart contract capabilities offered by the highly interoperable and flexible Injective Chain. This included new frontend interfaces as well as new trading mechanisms altogether, such as an  [52]


On March 21, 2021, Injective partnered with to expand cross-chain trading. KardiaChain was integrated into Injective, offering users more trading assets, including KardiaChain token derivatives. This collaboration allowed KardiaChain to leverage Injective's layer-2 solution for scalability, supporting DeFi and enterprise solutions, such as their mobile payment gateway in partnership with a major Vietnamese telco. [53]

Kylin Network

On March 29, 2021, Injective partnered with Kylin Network to integrate with the  data economy. Injective also aims to create a number of unique derivative products that can utilize the native Kylin token. [54]

Razor Network

On March 31, 2021, Injective partnered with Razor Network to further expand the ecosystem. The partnership between Razor Network and Injective enabled the Injective DEX to access more assets in a secure and reliable manner given Razor’s innovative oracle solution. Furthermore, Injective also plans to create new derivative products using the native Razor token. The Injective community will now have access to new indices and sophisticated financial products that are exclusively available through Injective. [55][56]


On April 1, 2021, Injective partnered with EasyFi to introduce the first-ever decentralized synthetic stock future lending products. EasyFi added new markets to its lending module with Injective’s tokenized derivatives acting as collateral markets. Users who hold these derivative tokens of stock futures can add liquidity to the supply side of EasyFi’s lending protocol and borrow assets on the borrowing side. [57]

Big Data Protocol

On April 2, 2021, Injective partnered with Big Data Protocol (BDP) to create and launch structured data token products. Injective and BDP users can soon create and trade data derivatives based on the BDP Data Market. Injective users became able to trade data tokens (based on bALPHA and BDP Data Market data tokens) with leverage. In addition, users got the ability to create entirely new derivative markets that utilize these data tokens. The partnership between BDP and Injective also strengthened the Injective oracle ecosystem which is comprised of leading products such as Chainlink, Band Protocol, and DIA. [56]


On April 6, 2021, Injective partnered with  to launch liquid staked assets (facilitated by Persistence's pStake application) as a derivative product on Injective. This enabled stakers to unlock the ability to trade their staked assets on Injective's high-performance layer-2 exchange. Therefore, Persistence token holders (and holders of other tokens supported by Persistence’s pStake application) became able to freely trade their staked assets for the first time. [58][59]

Band Protocol

On April 8, 2021, Injective partnered with Band Protocol to operate validator nodes on one another’s networks. Moving forward, this dual validator arrangement will serve to align and strengthen long-term goals for both parties. The Band Protocol team has already set up a node for Injective and has begun to participate in Equinox Staking. Together with Band Protocol, Terra, and Mirror Protocol, Injective launched the world's first decentralized stock futures trading. [60]


On April 12, 2021, Injective partnered with Harmony to integrate specifically with Harmony's Horizon bridge, which serves as a bridge between Harmony and Ethereum. Since Injective is already integrated with the Binance Smart Chain (BSC) network, the team is also able to utilize Harmony's BSC bridge in order to port over assets to be traded on the derivatives exchange.[41]


On April 16, 2021, Injective partnered with . Adding API3 to the Injective Data Alliance helped to further expand the possibilities of Injective's decentralized derivatives exchange. With API3's dAPIs and Airnode-enabled APIs, Injective users attained access to APIs and data feeds that enable a wide range of prediction markets, more complex derivatives, and creative financial experiments. [40]


On April 21, 2021, Injective partnered with  to bring decentralized trading to millions of users within the Klaytn ecosystem. By integrating Injective’s decentralized derivatives protocol, Klaytn users will be able to access a diverse array of new financial markets. In addition, users on Injective will be able to create new markets using assets built on the Klaytn blockchain. [38][39]


In April 2021, Injective partnered with  to launch innovative synthetic products. By integrating with Injective’s decentralized derivatives exchange, synthetic assets on UMA was made available to users. Notable synthetics that both teams introduced include uGas, a solution for hedging against Ethereum gas fees. In addition, Injective integrated an ETH/BTC index to provide an avenue for traders to attain a token that tracks the ETH/BTC price ratio. [36]

Helix on Injective

On September 1, 2022, Helix — a platform for trading unlimited cross-chain crypto assets and perpetual markets with market-leading rebates, went live on Injective. The collaboration provided features like advanced conditional orders and Helix convert which allow anyone to take part in a range of sophisticated trading setups, and also lets users swap assets freely respectively. [64]

Injective x Astroport

On March 9, 2023, the Astroport  went live on Injective. Astroport is an protocol that allows any user to swap or crypto assets using multiple pool types, including Curve-style stableswap pools and Uniswap V2-style constant product pools. [68]

The collaboration enabled users to take advantage of Injective’s interoperable network, swapping assets from , , , etc. through Injective’s Wormhole integration. Users can bridge assets to Injective via the Injective Bridge. Then, they can create liquidity pools on Astroport to begin earning as LPs and start trading new markets. [68]

Before the mainnet launch, the Astroport beta launched on Injective on January 18, 2023.[69]


Injective Protocol raised a total of $2.6M in funding over 1 round on July 29, 2020, led by . Other Injective Protocol investors include , , StartX, CMS Funding, Krypital Group, Bitscale, AU21 Capital, Bitlink Capital, Innovating Capital, QCP Sotera, The Cabin Capital, K42, and Axia8 Ventures. [36]

In April 2021, Injective raised $10 million in a new funding round. Several investors, including billionaire entrepreneur Mark Cuban, Pantera Capital, BlockTower Capital, Hashed Ventures, CMS Holdings, and QCP Capital, participated in the round. "This was a private placement token sale," Mirza Uddin of Injective Protocol told The Block. "We sold tokens with a lockup period at a $1 billion+ valuation." The lockup period is one year, said Uddin.[36][37][61]

In August 2022, Injective raised $40 Million to accelerate the adoption and growth of finance. The funding round consisted of Jump Crypto and BH Digital (the crypto arm of famed hedge fund manager Alan Howard). [65]

"This new capital will enable Injective to spur further development aimed at creating the industry-leading blockchain optimized for financial applications. Injective will also continue to invest in its rapidly growing ecosystem in order to solidify its position as the premier destination for Web3 DeFi developers.

The funding will also be utilized to further increase utility for the native INJ token, which powers Injective, while also creating new liquidity avenues for dApps built on Injective." - the blog stated[65]

$150M Ecosystem Fund

On January 25, 2023, Injective launched a $150 million ecosystem fund to support developers building on the Cosmos network. [72]

"Given recent happenings in the crypto ecosystem, a lot of new projects don’t really know which VCs are active and supporting the space. We decided to form this consortium as a signal that these partners are heavily investing in the Injective ecosystem," Injective Labs founder and CEO Eric Chen commented.[73]

The ecosystem group is backed by a consortium of venture capital and firms, including , , Jump Crypto, , Delphi Labs, IDG Capital, Gate Labs, and Flow Traders. [72]

Developers selected for the fund receive support through “bespoke token and equity investments,” in addition to mentorship, technical assistance, business development, and marketing, Injective said. Projects building and interoperability infrastructure are given the highest priority. Funds were also earmarked for projects focused on building trading platforms, scalability solutions, and  infrastructure. [72]

When asked how funds are allocated, Injective Labs’ co-founder and CEO, , commented:

“The ecosystem initiative’s approach to allocating funds is to focus on finding the right fit for each project, rather than being too stringent on a set number for funding.”

“In terms of stage, the group is primarily targeting early-stage projects (seed to Series B), but follow-on funding can also be considered on a case-by-case basis. The size of the funding awarded will vary depending on the stage and needs of the project, with the goal of providing the right level of support for each project to succeed.” - he added[72]

Solana Layer-2 Testnet

On March 30, 2023, Injective launched a layer-2 that utilizes Solana’s Sea Level Virtual Machine (SVM). Therefore, some Solana developers are able to test their apps for use in the Cosmos ecosystem without changing the programming language or tooling used. [70]

In a conversation with the digital media platform , a representative from Injective said the name of the new network was “Cascade” and that it uses optimistic roll-up technology. [70]

“This new SVM rollup for the Cosmos IBC world will not only empower developers from Solana to deploy their DApps on Injective, but it will also create more opportunities for users to experience the best Web3 DApps in one integrated network.” - , founder of Injective Protocol

According to the announcement, the layer was created with the help of Eclipse, a company that provides customized and optimistic rollups for developers. [70]

Liquid Staking Launch

On April 3, 2023, Injective launched for its native token INJ. stINJ (the official liquid-staked form of INJ) was made possible by Stride, a specialized app chain for liquid staking. With stINJ, users can unlock liquidity and yield generation opportunities across the Injective ecosystem. In turn, liquid staking introduces more utility for the native INJ token as well. [67]

To celebrate the milestone, Injective stakers received an exclusive Stride (STRD) , enabling the community to take part in governing the Stride DAO that helped to create stINJ. [67]

Open Liquidity Program

Launched on June 6, 2023, the Open Liquidity Program (OLP) allows users and institutions to participate in the Injective ecosystem while simultaneously earning rewards in the form of INJ. OLP members are able to provide liquidity on Injective’s on-chain orderbook infrastructure in a permissionless manner to attain INJ rewards. From June 13, 2023, eligible participants could earn 60,000 INJ during each epoch (28-day period). [66]

inEVM Layer-2 Testnet

On September 19, 2023, Injective released the of its inEVM Layer 2 rollup solution in partnership with the customizable rollup project, Caldera. The testnet allows applications to run natively on the network. [71]

Being compatible with the Ethereum Virtual Machine, inEVM allows Ethereum developers to deploy their applications, such as , on Injective, without the need for code alterations. The launch is part of Injective’s strategy to establish a network of “Electro Chains,” aimed at expanding its Layer 2 ecosystem and enhancing interoperability with other , as per a statement. [71]

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Injective Protocol

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